Challenges for water sharing in the Nile basin: changing geo-politics and changing climate
2011 (English)In: Hydrological Sciences Journal, ISSN 0262-6667, Vol. 56, no 4, 687-702 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
For most of the 20th century, the Nile River has been the source of political tensions and low-intensity conflicts among three of its major riparian countries (Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt). However, since the late 1990s, the Nile basin countries-with the encouragement and support of the international community-have made some attempts to establish basin-wide cooperative institutions. This process of engagement and collaboration is presently under severe stress due to increasing demand and decreasing supply of water resources in the basin. This situation may be complicated further by the global climate change, which is anticipated to result in long-term changes in the volume and pattern of runoff in the Nile River system. Moreover, the emergence of China as a major player in the power politics of the Nile basin has facilitated a number of unilateral initiatives for large-scale water development projects. In this context, this paper critically examines the survival and sustainability of water cooperation endeavours in the Nile basin as the river faces challenges from the global climate change and shifting regional geo-politics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 56, no 4, 687-702 p.
Nile River, water sharing, water conflicts, Nile Basin Initiative, climate change, China
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158665DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2011.577037ISI: 000294124700012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-158665DiVA: diva2:440645