Further evidence for ancient role of ACTH peptides at melanocortin (MC) receptors; pharmacology of dogfish and lamprey peptides at dogfish MC receptors
2007 (English)In: Peptides, ISSN 0196-9781, E-ISSN 1873-5169, Vol. 28, no 4, 798-805 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The cloning of melanocortin (MC) receptors in distant species has provided us tools to get insight in how the ligand–receptors interactions in the MC system have evolved. We have however lacked studies on pharmacology of native ancient melanocortin peptides at the ancient MC receptors. In this paper we synthesized melanocortin peptides from both the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) and spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias) and tested them on the MC3 and MC4 receptors from spiny dogfish. The results show that both the dogfish and lamprey ACTH peptides have similar or higher affinity than the dogfish α-, β- and γ-MSH peptides to the dogfish MC3 and MC4 receptors. Moreover, both the dogfish and lamprey ACTH peptides have more than 10-fold higher affinity than α-MSH to the dogfish MC4 receptor. We also show that dogfish δ-MSH is able to bind to MC receptors and its potency is higher than of dogfish β-MSH, which is considered to be its precursor. Our results provide the first evidence that native ACTH ligands from dogfish and lamprey have a preference above native MSH peptides to ancient version of the MC3 and MC4 receptors. This further strengthens the hypotheses that the ligand contributing to the first version of the melanocortin ligand-receptor system resembled ACTH.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 28, no 4, 798-805 p.
δ-MSH, ACTH, Dogfish, Melanocortin, Neofunctionalization, Subfunctionalization
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-16305DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2006.12.015ISI: 000245625900011PubMedID: 17306418OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-16305DiVA: diva2:44076