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Geographical distribution, host associations, and vector roles of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae, Argasidae) in Sweden.
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Evolution, Genomics and Systematics.
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1994 (English)In: J Med Entomol, ISSN 0022-2585, Vol. 31, no 2, 240-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This review covers the geographic distribution and host relationships of the tick species in Sweden. Ixodes uriae White, I. caledonicus Nuttall, I. unicavatus Neumann, I. arboricola Schulze & Schlottke, and I. lividus Koch are ornithophagous species. I. trianguliceps Birula, I. canisuga Johnston, I. hexagonus Leach, and Argas vespertilionis (Latreille) are mammalophagous. I. ricinus (L.) and Haemaphysalis punctata Canestrini & Fanzago feed on both birds and mammals. All these tick species may be considered to be permanently present in Sweden. I. persulcatus Schulze, Hyalomma marginatum Koch, and the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille), may be regarded as not indigenous to Sweden although they may be regularly introduced by spring-migrating birds or imported dogs, respectively. The first European record of the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say), is reported. There are several records of Hyalomma aegyptium (L.) from imported tortoises in Sweden. Excluding other ticks imported on exotic pets and zoo animals, another 13 tick species are listed that may occur, at least occasionally, in Sweden. Because of its wide geographic distribution, great abundance, and wide host range, I. ricinus is medically the most important arthropod in northern Europe. I. ricinus is common in southern and south-central Sweden and along the coast of northern Sweden and has been recorded from 29 mammal species, 56 bird species, and two species of lizards in Sweden alone. The potential introduction to Sweden of exotic pathogens with infected ticks (e.g., I. persulcatus and H. marginatum on birds or Dermacentor spp. and R. sanguineus on mammals) is evident.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 31, no 2, 240-56 p.
Keyword [en]
Animals, Animals; Wild, Birds/parasitology, Disease Vectors, Geography, Host-Parasite Interactions, Humans, Mammals/parasitology, Skin/parasitology, Sweden, Ticks
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-16396PubMedID: 8189415OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-16396DiVA: diva2:44167
Available from: 2008-05-20 Created: 2008-05-20 Last updated: 2011-01-16

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