Corporative Privileges Undermined.: The Meaning of Extra-Ordinary Taxation in Sweden in the 17th and 18th Centuries
2008 (English)In: La Fiscalità nell'economia europea. Secc. XIII-XVIII • Fiscal Systems in the European Economy 13th - 18th Centuries.: Proceedings of the XXXIX Study Week. Fondazione Istituto Internazionale di Storia Economica, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
The point of departure for this paper is the notion that taxation in Sweden in the 17th and 18th centuries was a special case. It was essentially direct, periodic and individual in character. Based on that, the communicative aspects of extra-ordinary taxation are considered. To do something to someone is to make a statement. The solutions to the questions of who should pay, and how much different groups and individuals should pay, can be seen as an articulation of the relationship between different groups or classes. The social distribution of taxation thus had ideological implications.
In the course of the 17th century extra-ordinary taxation in Sweden was not only levied on individual peasant households, but it was also targeting specific crafts and professions, particularly civil servants and military officers. In the 18th century this became even more evident, although it was never an unproblematic or uninterrupted process.
Thus, extra-ordinary taxation in Sweden tended to undermine corporative privileges, in particular noble privileges. It adhered to the principle that the rich should make a more substan¬tial contribution to the common good than those who had less. In this way, it conveyed a type of christian morality at the same time as it expressed a political program. This process can in turn be related to the pro¬cess in which royal subjects were transformed into citizens.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
communication, early modern Sweden, extra-ordinary taxation, ideological address, ideology, nobility, noble privileges, parliamentary negotiations, privileges, Swedish history, taxation
Economic History History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-16455ISBN: 9788884537034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-16455DiVA: diva2:44226