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The rhizobial adhesion protein RapA1 is involved in adsorption of rhizobia to plant roots but not in nodulation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Microbiology.
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2008 (English)In: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, ISSN 0168-6496, E-ISSN 1574-6941, Vol. 65, no 2, 279-288 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of the rhizobium adhesion protein RapA1 on Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii adsorption to Trifolium pratense (red clover) roots was investigated. We altered RapA1 production by cloning its encoding gene under the plac promoter into the stable vector pHC60. After introducing this plasmid in R. leguminosarum bv. trifolii, three to four times more RapA1 was produced, and two to five times higher adsorption to red clover roots was obtained, as compared with results for the empty vector. Enhanced adsorption was also observed on soybean and alfalfa roots, not related to R. leguminosarum cross inoculation groups. Although the presence of 1 mM Ca2+ during rhizobial growth enhanced adsorption, it was unrelated to RapA1 level. Similar effects were obtained when the same plasmid was introduced in Rhizobium etli for its adsorption to bean roots. Although root colonization by the RapA1-overproducing strain was also higher, nodulation was not enhanced. In addition, in vitro biofilm formation was similar to the wild-type both on polar and on hydrophobic surfaces. These results suggest that RapA1 receptors are present in root but not on inert surfaces, and that the function of this protein is related to rhizosphere colonization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 65, no 2, 279-288 p.
Keyword [en]
Rhizobium, attachment, biofilm, nodulation, adhesin
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-16496DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00467.xISI: 000257551300011PubMedID: 18393991OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-16496DiVA: diva2:44267
Available from: 2008-05-26 Created: 2008-05-26 Last updated: 2011-01-14Bibliographically approved

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