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Versican but not decorin accumulation is related to malignancy in mammographically detected high density and malignant-appearing microcalcifications in non-palpable breast carcinomas
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
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2011 (English)In: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 11, 314- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Mammographic density (MD) and malignant-appearing microcalcifications (MAMCs) represent the earliest mammographic findings of non-palpable breast carcinomas. Matrix proteoglycans versican and decorin are frequently over-expressed in various malignancies and are differently involved in the progression of cancer. In the present study, we have evaluated the expression of versican and decorin in non-palpable breast carcinomas and their association with high risk mammographic findings and tumor characteristics. Methods: Three hundred and ten patients with non-palpable suspicious breast lesions, detected during screening mammography, were studied. Histological examination was carried out and the expression of decorin, versican, estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha), progesterone receptor (PR) and c-erbB2 (HER-2/neu) was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results: Histological examination showed 83 out of 310 (26.8%) carcinomas of various subtypes. Immunohistochemistry was carried out in 62/83 carcinomas. Decorin was accumulated in breast tissues with MD and MAMCs independently of the presence of malignancy. In contrast, versican was significantly increased only in carcinomas with MAMCs (median +/- SE: 42.0 +/- 9.1) and MD (22.5 +/- 10.1) as compared to normal breast tissue with MAMCs (14.0 +/- 5.8), MD (11.0 +/- 4.4) and normal breast tissue without mammographic findings (10.0 +/- 2.0). Elevated levels of versican were correlated with higher tumor grade and invasiveness in carcinomas with MD and MAMCs, whereas increased amounts of decorin were associated with in situ carcinomas in MAMCs. Stromal deposition of both proteoglycans was related to higher expression of ER alpha and PR in tumor cells only in MAMCs. Conclusions: The specific accumulation of versican in breast tissue with high MD and MAMCs only in the presence of malignant transformation and its association with the aggressiveness of the tumor suggests its possible use as molecular marker in non-palpable breast carcinomas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 11, 314- p.
Keyword [en]
proteoglycans, versican, decorin, mammographic density, malignant-appearing microcalcifications, non-palpable breast carcinomas
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159065DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-11-314ISI: 000294406800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-159065DiVA: diva2:442678
Available from: 2011-09-22 Created: 2011-09-21 Last updated: 2011-09-22Bibliographically approved

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