Catanionic aggregates formed from drugs and lauric or capric acids enable prolonged release from gels
2008 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, Vol. 323, no 2, 386-394 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to add to the range of charged surfactants that can be used to form catanionic aggregates with oppositely charged surface active drug substances, and to apply these aggregates to prolong drug release from gels. The surfactants used in this study, lauric and capric acids are of natural origin-unlike traditionally used, synthetic, surfactants. The mixtures of drug substances and oppositely charged surfactants were studied visually and with cryogenic transmission electron microscopy. Drug release from gels was studied with a modified USP paddle method. This study shows that lauric and capric acids are as, or even more, active in forming catanionic aggregates than traditionally used surfactants such as sodium dodecyl sulfate. It is shown that the length of the hydrophobic part of the surfactant plays an important role in the formation of pharmaceutically interesting catanionic aggregates. As seen in previous studies, using catanionic vesicles prolongs the drug release from gels and decreases the apparent diffusion coefficient by a factor of 10-50, compared to a gel containing only drug substance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 323, no 2, 386-394 p.
catanionic, vesicles, drug substances, surfactants, prolonged release, gels
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-16541DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2008.04.008ISI: 000256743300027PubMedID: 18479696OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-16541DiVA: diva2:44312