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Neighbourhood choice and neighbourhood reproduction
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
Delft University of Technology, OTB Research Institute for the Built Environment, The Netherlands .
University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK.
2011 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 43, no 6, 1381-1399 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although we know a lot about why households choose certain dwellings, we know relatively little about the mechanisms behind their choice of neighbourhood. Most studies of neighbourhood choice focus only on one or two dimensions of neighbourhoods: typically poverty and ethnicity. In this paper we argue that neighbourhoods have multiple dimensions and that models of neighbourhood choice should take these dimensions into account. We propose the use of a conditional logit model. From this approach we can gain insight into the interaction between individual and neighbourhood characteristics which lead to the choice of a particular neighbourhood over alternative destinations. We use Swedish register data to model neighbourhood choice for all households which moved in the city of Uppsala between 1997 and 2006. Our results show that neighbourhood sorting is a highly structured process where households are very likely to choose neighbourhoods where the neighbourhood population matches their own characteristics. We find that income is the most important driver of the sorting process, although ethnicity and other demographic and socioeconomic characteristics play important roles as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pion , 2011. Vol. 43, no 6, 1381-1399 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159186DOI: 10.1068/a43453ISI: 000293770100010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-159186DiVA: diva2:443229
Available from: 2011-09-23 Created: 2011-09-23 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Residential Mobility and Neighbourhood Effects: A Holistic Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residential Mobility and Neighbourhood Effects: A Holistic Approach
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The number of studies estimating neighbourhood effects has increased rapidly during the last two decades. Although results from these studies vary, a majority find at least small effects. But to what extent can we trust these estimates? Neighbourhood effect studies face many serious methodological challenges, of which some are related to the fact that people move. The mobility of individuals may cause neighbourhoods to change over time, result in exposure times that are too short and seriously bias estimates. These methodological problems have not been given enough attention in the neighbourhood effect literature: no study controls for them all, and implications of mobility are rarely included in theoretical discussions of neighbourhood effects.

In a comprehensive summary and five different papers, I argue that the two scholarly fields of residential mobility and neighbourhood effect studies are intrinsically connected and that any arbitrary separation between the two is both conceptually problematic and risks leading to erroneous conclusions. Studies of neighbourhood effects must address the problems caused by mobility, before it can be convincingly argued that results actually show neighbourhood effects. To do this, longitudinal data are necessary. Furthermore, the connection between the two fields may also have implications for studies of residential mobility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2011. i-vii, 52 p.
Geografiska regionstudier, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 88
neighbourhood effect, residential mobility, selection, method, bias
National Category
Social Sciences Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160428 (URN)978-91-506-2246-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-12-09, Universitetshuset, sal IV, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2011-11-18 Created: 2011-10-24 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved

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