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Clinical Usefulness of Different Lipid Measures for Prediction of Coronary Heart Disease in Type 2 Diabetes: A report from the Swedish National Diabetes Register
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
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2011 (English)In: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 34, no 9, 2095-2100 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between different blood lipid measures and risk of fatal/nonfatal coronary heart disease (CHD).

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patients with type 2 diabetes from the Swedish National Diabetes Register. Baseline LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, ratio of non-HDL to HDL cholesterol (non-HDL:HDL), and ratio of triacylglycerol to HDL cholesterol (TG:HDL) was measured in 18,673 patients aged 30-70 years, followed for a mean of 4.8 years from 2003 to 2007.

RESULTS: Hazard ratios (HRs) for CHD per 1-SD increment in lipid measures were 1.23 with non-HDL:HDL, 1.20 with non-HDL cholesterol, 1.17 with LDL cholesterol, and 1.15 with TG: HDL (all P < 0.001 when adjusted for clinical characteristics and nonlipid risk factors). The best global model fit was found with non-HDL:HDL. When patients within the lowest tertile of a lipid measure were compared with those with all lipid measures within the highest tertile, the adjusted HR for CHD was 0.62 with non-HDL:HDL <3.5 mmol/L, 0.65 with non-HDL cholesterol <3.3 mmol/L, and 0.70 with LDL cholesterol <2.5 mmol/L (all P < 0.001). The lowest tertile of LDL and non-HDL cholesterol corresponded with treatment targets according to U.S. and European guidelines. HRs for CHD were 0.52, 0.62, and 0.66 with the lowest deciles of non-HDL:HDL, non-HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol mmol/L (all P < 0.001). Mean TG:HDL was considerably lower in patients within the lowest tertile of non-HDL:HDL, 0.82 +/- 0.47, than in those within the lowest tertile of LDL cholesterol (<2.5 mmol/L), 1.49 +/- 1.03.

CONCLUSIONS: Non-HDL:HDL had a stronger effect on CHD risk than LDL cholesterol, and low TG:HDL values were more often seen within the lowest non-HDL:HDL tertile than within the lowest LDL cholesterol tertile. LDL cholesterol was not the best predictor of CHD risk in type 2 diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 34, no 9, 2095-2100 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159794DOI: 10.2337/dc11-0209ISI: 000295195100036PubMedID: 21775750OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-159794DiVA: diva2:447028
Available from: 2011-10-10 Created: 2011-10-10 Last updated: 2013-01-09Bibliographically approved

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Cederholm, JanZethelius, Björn
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