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Measuring attitudes towards three values that underlie sustainable development
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
2011 (English)In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 20, no 1, 97-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature and shared responsibility are, according to UN (2000), specific and fundamental values. According to Shepherd et al. (2009), there is a lack of knowledge about the nature of these sustainability values and more research on these values and how they can be measured are needed. The purpose of this article is to present results from a study that aims to develop more knowledge about young people's attitudes towards sustainability. The study focused on three of these fundamental values: respect for nature, solidarity and equality. The methodology was a questionnaire answered by 918 upper secondary students. A new scale was constructed to measure attitudes towards solidarity and equality. The results show significant differences related to gender, urban or rural living and upper secondary program attended. There is also a positive correlation between solidarity and willingness to preserve nature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University , 2011. Vol. 20, no 1, 97-121 p.
Keyword [en]
Education för Sustainable Development, ESD, survey, attitudes, values, respect for nature, solidarity, equality
Keyword [sv]
Hållbar utveckling, enkät, respekt för naturen, solidaritet, jämlikhet, attityder, attitydmätning, värden
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Curriculum Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159891OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-159891DiVA: diva2:447345
Available from: 2011-10-11 Created: 2011-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-08
In thesis
1. Solidaritet och utbildning för hållbar utveckling: En studie av förväntningar på och förutsättningar för miljömoraliskt lärande i den svenska gymnasieskolan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solidaritet och utbildning för hållbar utveckling: En studie av förväntningar på och förutsättningar för miljömoraliskt lärande i den svenska gymnasieskolan
2014 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The comprehensive ambition of the present thesis was to acquire knowledge about expectations on and preconditions for environmental moral learning within the education for sustainable development (ESD) in the Swedish upper secondary school. The expectations on ESD were explored by examining the description of “sustainable development” in the curriculum, and the prerequisites were examined by analysing environmental attitudes, commitments, and actions of 18-year-old students. The thesis focuses in particular on attitudes to solidarity as a value that unites the social, economic, and ecological dimensions of sustainable development. The theoretical foundation is based on curriculum theory and learning theory, incorporating influences from pragmatic philosophy, while theories of environmental psychology were applied to explain commonalities in attitudes to altruistic and biospheric values. The thesis comprises four studies, and mixed methods were employed as methodological approach. The first study involved a discourse analysis, and aimed at clarifying the description of sustainable development in the curriculum, and to reveal what subject position(s) the discourse implies. The second study was a questionnaire, where statistical methods were used to analyse attitudes to solidarity, equality, and respect for nature. The third study was also a questionnaire, focusing more specifically on attitudes to different aspects of solidarity. The fourth study was an interview study, utilizing a thematic analysis in order to elucidate how students think about solidarity and the future, and how they have encountered the concepts of solidarity and future in teaching. The results disclosed that the expectations on ESD is characterized by an ecological modernization discourse, in which two subject positions are articulated, one scientific and one technical, the latter with expectations on students to be ethical agents. The quantitative studies in the present thesis corroborated previously found correlations between attitudes to altruistic and attitudes to biospheric values. The significant correlation between future orientation and solidarity unveiled by the present thesis constitutes however a pioneering result. The interview analyses imparted that students have experienced little moral reasoning in school with regard to sustainable development, and furthermore conveyed that the future dimension had basically been missing in the teaching they had encountered. The present thesis furthermore contributes methodologically and theoretically by the development of a new scale for appraising solidarity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 119 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Educational Sciences, 6
Keyword
Education for sustainable development, solidarity, future dimension, values, environmental attitudes., Solidaritet, hållbar utveckling, gymnasieskolan, attityder, värden, framtidsorientering
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Curriculum Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-228160 (URN)978-91-554-8987-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-09-26, Eva Netzelius-salen 10:K102, Blåsenhus, von Kraemers Allé 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-5687
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-07-05 Last updated: 2015-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Torbjörnsson, TomasMolin, LenaKarlberg, Martin

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