Evaluation of a diverse set of potential P1 carboxylic acid bioisosteres in hepatitis C virus NS3 protease inhibitors
2007 (English)In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0968-0896, E-ISSN 1464-3391, Vol. 15, no 12, 4057-4068 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There is an urgent need for more efficient therapies for people infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV NS3 protease inhibitors have shown proof-of-concept in clinical trials, which make the virally encoded NS3 protease an attractive drug target. Product-based NS3 protease inhibitors comprising a P1 C-terminal carboxylic acid have shown to be effective and we were interested in finding alternatives to this crucial carboxylic acid group. Thus, a series of diverse P1 functional groups with different acidity and with possibilities to form a similar, or an even more powerful, hydrogen bond network as compared to the carboxylic acid were synthesized and incorporated into potential inhibitors of the NS3 protease. Biochemical evaluation of the inhibitors was performed in both enzyme and cell-based assays. Several non-acidic C-terminal groups, such as amides and hydrazides, were evaluated but failed to produce inhibitors more potent than the corresponding carboxylic acid inhibitor. The tetrazole moiety, although of similar acidity to a carboxylic acid, provided an inhibitor with mediocre potencies in both assays. However, the acyl cyanamide and the acyl sulfinamide groups rendered compounds with low nanomolar inhibitory potencies and were more potent than the corresponding carboxylic acid inhibitor in the enzymatic assay. Additionally, results from a pH-study suggest that the P1 C-terminal of the inhibitors comprising a carboxylic acid, an acyl sulfonamide or an acyl cyanamide group binds in a similar mode in the active site of the NS3 protease.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 15, no 12, 4057-4068 p.
Bioisostere, HCV, Hepatitis C, NS3, Protease inhibitor
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17091DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2007.03.089ISI: 000246870400010PubMedID: 17449253OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17091DiVA: diva2:44862