Synthesis, X-ray Analysis, and Biological Evaluation of a New Class of Stereopure Lactam-Based HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors
2012 (English)In: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0022-2623, E-ISSN 1520-4804, Vol. 55, no 6, 2724-2736 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In an effort to identify a new class of druglike HIV-1 protease inhibitors, four different stereopure beta-hydroxy gamma-lactam-containing inhibitors have been synthesized, biologically evaluated, and cocrystallized. The impact of the tether length of the central spacer (two or three carbons) was also investigated. A compound with a shorter tether and (3R,4S) absolute configuration exhibited high activity with a K-i of 2.1 nM and an EC50 of 0.64 mu M. Further optimization by decoration of the P1' side chain furnished an even more potent HIV-1 protease inhibitor (K-i = 0.8 nM, EC50 = 0.04 mu M). According to X-ray analysis, the new class of inhibitors did not fully succeed in forming two symmetric hydrogen bonds to the catalytic aspartates. The crystal structures of the complexes further explain the difference in potency between the shorter inhibitors (two-carbon spacer) and the longer inhibitors (three-carbon spacer).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 55, no 6, 2724-2736 p.
HIV, AIDS, protease inhibitor, aspartic protease, lactam, tertiary alcohol, X-ray
Research subject Medicinal Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160186DOI: 10.1021/jm201620tISI: 000301767000017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160186DiVA: diva2:448672