Prevalence of Otitis Media With Effusion Among Children in Xi'an, China: A Randomized Survey in China's Mainland
2011 (English)In: Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, ISSN 0003-4894, Vol. 120, no 9, 617-621 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: We sought to identify the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in urban Chinese children in Xi'an, China.
Methods: Five kindergartens and 3 primary schools were randomly selected in the urban area of Xi'an. Screening otoscopic and tympanometric examinations were performed on 2,902 children (1,491 boys and 1,411 girls) 2 to 8 years of age. Children with an abnormal tympanogram and simultaneous otomicroscopic signs of effusion were given a diagnosis of OME.
Results: The overall prevalence of OME was 4.3%. By age group, the prevalence was 14.0% in 2-year-olds, 8.3% in 3-year-olds, 5.0% in 4-year-olds, 4.9% in 5-year-olds, 2.8% in 6-year-olds, 1.7% in 7-year-olds, and 3.2% in 8-year-olds. The prevalence rate for OME was 4.7% for boys versus 3.9% for girls, and 3.0% in the right ear versus 2.7% in the left, showing no statistically significant difference between genders or between ear sides (p > 0.05).
Conclusions: The prevalence of OME in urban areas of Xi'an is not high in comparison with that of the same age group in surrounding areas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 120, no 9, 617-621 p.
epidemiology, otitis media with effusion, prevalence, screening, tympanometry
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160206ISI: 000295199700011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160206DiVA: diva2:448764