Expression of APRIL in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphomas from Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Rheumatoid Arthritis
2011 (English)In: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, E-ISSN 1499-2752, Vol. 38, no 9, 1891-1897 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an increased risk of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The cytokine A PRoliferating-Inducing Ligand (APRIL) is strongly expressed in DLBCL in the general population and is detected in high concentrations in sera from subgroups of patients with RA and SLE. To investigate a possible association between APRIL and DLBCL in RA and SLE, we examined APRIL expression in lymphoma biopsies from patients with RA and SLE and from DLBCL patients without inflammatory disease.
Methods: Lymphoma tissue from 95 RA, 12 SLE, and 63 comparator DLBCL cases were stained with anti-APRIL antibodies (Aprily-2). The percentage of positively stained cells of the comparator cases were divided into quartiles (1-4, where 4 = most stained) and compared with the results for the RA and SLE lymphomas. APRIL expression was correlated to clinical variables.
Results: The odds ratio for high expression of APRIL (quartiles 3 and 4) was elevated in the SLE DLBCL (OR 23.6, 95% CI 2.4-231.2), but not in the RA DLBCL (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.3-2.0). RA patients in quartile 4 had higher cumulated RA disease activity than those in quartile I (p = 0.013). Epstein-Barr virus in the lymphoma tissue was associated with high APRIL expression (p = 0.009).
Conclusion: The high expression of APRIL in DLBCL in SLE and in an RA subset might indicate an association between APRIL and lymphoma in these subsets of rheumatic diseases, but could also reflect a dysregulation of APRIL per se in these patient groups.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 38, no 9, 1891-1897 p.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Malignant Lymphoma, Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma, A Proliferating-inducing Ligand, April, Epstein-Barr Virus
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160197DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.101190ISI: 000295188400012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160197DiVA: diva2:448987