Chloride transport in NCL-SG3 sweat gland cells: channels involved
2007 (English)In: Experimental and molecular pathology (Print), ISSN 0014-4800, E-ISSN 1096-0945, Vol. 83, no 1, 47-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of the study was to assess whether NCL-SG3, the only immortalized sweat gland cell line available, can be used as an in vitro model to study chloride ion transport in cultured sweat gland cells. Cl− efflux was measured using the MQAE dye fluorescence technique after stimulating the cells with different agonists. A significant stimulation of chloride efflux was achieved with the calcium ionophore A23187 resulting in an efflux rate of 0.9 mM/s. Both ATP and UTP activated chloride efflux in these cells, with the ATP response being larger. IBMX and forskolin stimulation did not induce a rate of chloride efflux above the basal level. Immunocytochemistry showed no detectable CFTR in NCL-SG3 cells. This finding was confirmed with flow cytometry analysis. Niflumic acid (20 and 100 μM NFA) and 4,4′-diisothiocyanatodihydrostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid (H2DIDS) (100 ìM) decreased the rate of ATP-stimulated chloride efflux significantly (0.40 and 0.31 mM/s with NFA, 0.37 mM/s with H2DIDS). Gadolinium (20 ìM) had no effect on the chloride transport rate. In conclusion, the NCL-SG3 cells retain some of the aspects of human sweat gland epithelium, such as the ability to form cell–cell contacts. The CFTR protein is neither functional nor expressed in cultured NCL-SG3 sweat gland cells. Ca2+-activated chloride conductance is confirmed and the putative Ca2+-activated chloride channel (CaCC) is further characterized in term of its pharmacological sensitivity. The NCL-SG3 sweat gland cell line can be used to investigate the characteristics of the CaCC and to identify the channel.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 83, no 1, 47-53 p.
Biological Markers, Calcium/metabolism, Cell Line, Chloride Channels/*metabolism, Chlorides/*metabolism, Epithelial Cells/metabolism, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Ion Channel Gating, Ion Transport, Microscopy; Electron; Transmission, Sweat Glands/*metabolism/ultrastructure
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17161DOI: 10.1016/j.yexmp.2007.02.003ISI: 000247716800008PubMedID: 17383636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17161DiVA: diva2:44932