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The shape of the potential energy curves for NHN+ hydrogen bonds and the influence of non-linearity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
2008 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 10, no 21, 3043-3051 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The potential energy curves for proton motion in NHN+ hydrogen bonds have been calculated to investigate whether different methods of evaluation give different results: for linear H bonds most curves calculated along the NH direction are, as expected, identical with those along NN; for intramolecular H bonds it is very important to take into account the non-linearity and the potential energy curve calculated along the NH direction can be very far from the curve correctly describing the proton transfer. Other factors which influence the proton-transfer process are steric hindrance and presence of anions which modify the proton motion. In the analysis of the proton transfer process it is very important to take changes in the structure of the rest of the molecule into account, which is connected with exchange of energy with the surroundings. Comparison of adiabatic and non-adiabatic curves shows that they are significantly different for very bent hydrogen bonds and for hydrogen bonds with steric constraints for which the proton transfer process must be accompanied with relaxation of the whole molecule. Comparison of the potential-energy curves for compounds with very short H bonds emphasizes that the term strong H bond needs to be qualified. For intermolecular H bonds shortening of the bond is connected with linearization. But for intramolecular H bonds the NN distance cannot be used as the only measure of H bond strength.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 10, no 21, 3043-3051 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17450DOI: 10.1039/b717815hISI: 000256107000002PubMedID: 18688367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17450DiVA: diva2:45221
Available from: 2008-06-24 Created: 2008-06-24 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Olovsson, Ivar

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