Currently, little is known if and how national culture shapes e-learning. In this study, attitudes, purposes, driving factors
and barriers of e-learning use at an Argentinean and a Swedish university was compared. A survey questionnaire was
distributed among teachers at both universities. Data was analysed to discern similarities and differences in responses
from Argentinean and Swedish teachers from the four cultural dimensions developed by Hofstede; power distance,
uncertainty avoidance, individualism – collectivism, and masculinity – femininity. The main conclusion of the study was
that the similarities of responses from Swedish and Argentinean teachers were more common than differences. However,
some differences emanating from national culture could be discerned. Argentinean teachers stated communication with
students and active student participation as more important driving factors than Swedish teachers. Lack of incentives and
appreciation was stated as more important barriers among the Argentinean teachers. These findings are hypothesised to
be due to the more collectivist and masculine culture of Argentina.
2008. 185-192 p.