Teachers' perceptions of institutional strategies in e-learning implementation: A comparative study of an Argentinean and a Swedish university
2008 (English)In: Proceedings of ICEL: The 3rd International Conference on E-learning 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
In order to study the complexity and dependence on cultural, geographical, social and technological aspects on e-learning implementation, we performed a joint research between an Argentinean and a Swedish university to compare teachers’ perception of individual and organizational factors affecting e-learning initiatives. The method of doing this has been to conduct a survey at both universities, distributing a questionnaire among teachers. Collected data was then analyzed to see if there are similarities and differences.
In this work, within cultural aspects, we will focus on the organizational aspects and institutional strategies for e-learning developments though the results about attitudes, purposes, barriers and driving factors will be referred to in order to enlighten the analysis of the institutional frame.
We have seen that the results are quite similar for the two universities. The major barriers to e-learning at both sites were lack of time and lack of knowledge about technology. Although the findings seem to be related to individual concerns, they can also be seen as a consequence of an institutional culture that restricts the time for updating and training. The teachers experienced that they gained limited support from the university management in their ambitions to develop e-learning. Hofstede’s Power Distance dimension, although not equal, is middle ranked for both countries. According to this, both academic staff, in more or less degree, coincides in thinking of universities as central managed institutions that have to lead and support their e-learning initiatives by funding them, and recognizing and rewarding individual efforts.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
e-learning, higher education, culture, barriers, institutional strategies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17550OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17550DiVA: diva2:45321