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Effects of buprenorphine on body temperature, locomotor activity and cardiovascular function when assessed by telemetric monitoring in rats
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Infectious Diseases.
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2008 (English)In: Laboratory Animals. Journal of the Laboratory Animal Science Association, ISSN 0023-6772, Vol. 42, no 2, 149-160 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Buprenorphine is a potent analgesic commonly used clinically in humans and rodents experiencing severe pain. However, effects of therapeutic doses on locomotor activity and the cardiovascular system have not been studied in conscious animals. The effects of buprenorphine were therefore evaluated in this study using telemetric monitoring in conscious animals. Telemetry transmitters were implanted in the peritoneal cavity of Wistar rats with a pressure catheter in the aorta and electrodes for electrocardiogram (ECG) recording subcutaneously. After a single subcutaneous administration of saline, each rat was administered single subcutaneous doses of 0.006, 0.03 or 0.15 mg/kg body weight (bw) of buprenorphine. During a 10 h period after administration, buprenorphine induced a varying dose-dependent increase in body temperature, heart rate, dP/dt and systolic-diastolic blood pressure, as well as a corresponding decrease in QT time. At high dose, however, QT time was still decreased 24 h post-administration, but no arrhythmias or visual changes were observed in the ECG complex. Body temperature and heart rate increased at the high dose of buprenorphine, even at 20-24 h after administration. Moreover, the high dose of buprenorphine induced a biphasic response in diastolic blood pressure, with an early and pronounced increase that, at 14 h after administration, reversed to a decrease, failing to normalize within 24 h post-dosage. The results indicate that buprenorphine induces long-lasting effects (such as body temperature and cardiovascular effects) in the rat after a single subcutaneous dose at 0.15 mg/kg bw.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 42, no 2, 149-160 p.
Keyword [en]
Buprenorphine, cardiovascular function, telemetry
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17561DOI: 10.1258/la.2007.06002eISI: 000255979900004PubMedID: 18435873OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17561DiVA: diva2:45332
Available from: 2008-07-10 Created: 2009-02-06 Last updated: 2009-11-04Bibliographically approved

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Ilbäck, Nils-Gunnar
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