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Endothelin-induced changes in blood flow in STZ-diabetic and non-diabetic rats: relation to nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase inhibition
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ophthalmology.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Physiological Sciences, ISSN 1880-6546, Vol. 61, no 6, 497-505 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, using the microsphere method, the hemodynamic response to endothelin-1 (ET-1) in healthy and streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats was evaluated as well as the influences of inhibition of nitric oxide (NO)-synthase using L-NAME (N omega-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester) and the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin. Blood flow (Q) was measured in tissues of interest for vascular complications in diabetes such as kidney, eye, brain, heart and skeletal muscle with the main focus on ophthalmic circulation. Under resting conditions, evidence for renal vasoconstriction was found in diabetic animals. In both groups, administration of L-NAME reduced Q in all investigated tissues indicating a basal NO influence. In the normal rats, ET-1 induced a significant increase in blood pressure and intense vasoconstriction in all tissues except in the choroid of the eye and in the brain, where it induced an increased Q. In the STZ-diabetic rats, effects of ET-1 were less pronounced. Pretreatment with L-NAME, but not the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, abolished the ET-1-induced vasodilation in the choroid of both groups. Administration of ET A receptor antagonist BQ-123 reduced the ET-1-induced vasodilation in the choroid only in diabetic animals. In conclusion, evidence for altered vascular endothelial response to ET-1 in STZ-diabetic animals was found particularly in the ophthalmic circulation. The findings suggest differential involvement of receptors in the response to ET-1 in normal and STZ-diabetic animals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
springer , 2011. Vol. 61, no 6, 497-505 p.
Keyword [en]
endothelin, nitric oxide, diabetes mellitus, rat, blood flow
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Physiology; Ophtalmology; Cardiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160871DOI: 10.1007/s12576-011-0171-xISI: 000296362700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160871DiVA: diva2:453371
Available from: 2011-11-02 Created: 2011-11-02 Last updated: 2011-11-24Bibliographically approved

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