Early transcriptional regulation by C-peptide in freshly isolated rat proximal tubular cells
2011 (English)In: Diabetes/Metabolism Research Reviews, ISSN 1520-7552, E-ISSN 1520-7560, Vol. 27, no 7, 697-704 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have shown that proinsulin C-peptide exerts renoprotective effects in type 1 diabetes, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. As C-peptide has been shown to induce several intracellular events and to localize to nuclei, we aimed to determine whether gene transcription is affected in proximal tubular kidney cells, and if so, whether genes with altered transcription include those related to protective mechanisms. METHODS: The effect of C-peptide incubation (2h) on gene expression was investigated in freshly isolated proximal tubular cells from streptozotocin-diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats using global gene expression profiling and RT-qPCR. Protein expression was assayed using western blotting. Different bioinformatic strategies were employed. RESULTS: Gene transcription profiling demonstrated differential transcription of 492 genes (p<0.01) after 2h of C-peptide exposure, with the majority of these genes repressed (83%). RT-qPCR validation supported a trend of several GPCR's being activated, and certain transcription factors to be repressed. Also, C-peptide repressed the transcription of genes associated with pathways of circulatory and inflammatory diseases. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that C-peptide exerts early effects on gene transcription in proximal tubular cells. The findings also bring further knowledge to the renoprotective mechanisms of C-peptide in type I diabetes, and supports a transcriptional activity for C-peptide. It is suggested that C-peptide may play a regulatory role in the gene expression of proximal tubular cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 27, no 7, 697-704 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160915DOI: 10.1002/dmrr.1220ISI: 000300106100009PubMedID: 21618400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160915DiVA: diva2:453583