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A 3-year follow-up of headache diagnoses and symptoms in Swedish schoolchildren
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Barnneurologisk forskning/Ahlsten)
2006 (English)In: Cephalalgia, ISSN 0333-1024, E-ISSN 1468-2982, Vol. 26, no 7, 809-815 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Information is sparse concerning the incidence and prognosis of headache in children from the general population, especially of tension-type headache. In this study, headache diagnoses and symptoms were reassessed in 122 out of 130 schoolchildren after 3 years. Nearly 80% of those with headache at first evaluation still reported headache at follow-up. Although the likelihood of experiencing the same headache diagnosis and symptoms was high, about one-fifth of children with tension-type headache developed migraine and vice versa. Female gender predicted migraine and frequent headache episodes predicted overall headache at follow-up. The estimated average annual incidence was 81 and 65 per 1000 children, for tension-type headache and migraine, respectively. We conclude that there is a considerable risk of developing and maintaining headache during childhood. Headache diagnoses should be reassessed regularly and treatment adjusted. Girls and children with frequent headache have a poorer prognosis and therefore intervention is particularly important in these groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 26, no 7, 809-815 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, Child, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Incidence, Male, Migraine Disorders/*diagnosis/*epidemiology, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Prognosis, Questionnaires, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Risk Assessment/*methods, Risk Factors, Sex Distribution, Students/*statistics & numerical data, Sweden/epidemiology, Tension-Type Headache/*diagnosis/*epidemiology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17623DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2982.2006.01113.xPubMedID: 16776695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17623DiVA: diva2:45394
Available from: 2008-07-29 Created: 2008-07-29 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Laurell, KatarinaMattsson, PeterEeg-Olofsson, Orvar

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