A 3-year follow-up of headache diagnoses and symptoms in Swedish schoolchildren
2006 (English)In: Cephalalgia, ISSN 0333-1024, E-ISSN 1468-2982, Vol. 26, no 7, 809-815 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Information is sparse concerning the incidence and prognosis of headache in children from the general population, especially of tension-type headache. In this study, headache diagnoses and symptoms were reassessed in 122 out of 130 schoolchildren after 3 years. Nearly 80% of those with headache at first evaluation still reported headache at follow-up. Although the likelihood of experiencing the same headache diagnosis and symptoms was high, about one-fifth of children with tension-type headache developed migraine and vice versa. Female gender predicted migraine and frequent headache episodes predicted overall headache at follow-up. The estimated average annual incidence was 81 and 65 per 1000 children, for tension-type headache and migraine, respectively. We conclude that there is a considerable risk of developing and maintaining headache during childhood. Headache diagnoses should be reassessed regularly and treatment adjusted. Girls and children with frequent headache have a poorer prognosis and therefore intervention is particularly important in these groups.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 26, no 7, 809-815 p.
Adolescent, Child, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Incidence, Male, Migraine Disorders/*diagnosis/*epidemiology, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Prognosis, Questionnaires, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Risk Assessment/*methods, Risk Factors, Sex Distribution, Students/*statistics & numerical data, Sweden/epidemiology, Tension-Type Headache/*diagnosis/*epidemiology
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17623DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2982.2006.01113.xPubMedID: 16776695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17623DiVA: diva2:45394