MDCT angiography with 3D image reconstructions in the evaluation of failing arteriovenous fistulas and grafts in hemodialysis patients
2011 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 52, no 9, 935-942 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Arteriovenous fistulas and grafts are the methods of choice for vascular access in renal failure patients in need of hemodialysis. Their major complication, however, is stenosis, which might lead to thrombosis.
Purpose: To demonstrate the usefulness of 16-MDCTA with 3D image reconstructions, in long-term hemodialysis patients with dysfunctional arteriovenous fistulas and grafts (AVF and AVG).
Material and Methods: During a 17-month period, 31 patients with dysfunctional AVF and AVG (24 AVF and seven AVG) were examined with MDCTA with 3D image postprocessing. Parameters such as comprehension of the anatomy, quality of contrast enhancement, and pathological vascular changes were measured. DSA was then performed in 24 patients.
Results: MDCTA illustrated the anatomy of the AVF/AVG and the entire vascular tree to the heart, in a detailed and comprehensive manner in 93.5% of the evaluated segments, and depicted pathology of AVF/AVG or pathology of the associated vasculature. MDCTA demonstrated a total of 38 significant stenoses in 25 patients. DSA verified 37 stenoses in 24 patients and demonstrated two additional stenoses. MDCTA had thus a sensitivity of 95%. All 24 patients were treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with good technical results.
Conclusion: MDCTA with 3D reconstructions of dysfunctioning AVFs and AVGs in hemodialysis patients is an accurate and reliable diagnostic method helping customize future intervention.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 52, no 9, 935-942 p.
CT angiography; hemodialysis; arteriovenous fistula; arteriovenous grafts; 3D reconstructions
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160999DOI: 10.1258/ar.2011.110255ISI: 000297489200001PubMedID: 21969710OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160999DiVA: diva2:453972