The molecular recognition of phosphorylated proteins by designed polypeptides conjugated to a small molecule that binds phosphate
2011 (English)In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 9, no 22, 7697-7704 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The conjugation of polypeptides from a designed set to the small molecule ligand 3,5-bis[[bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amino]methyl]benzoic acid, which in the presence of Zn2+ ions binds inorganic phosphate, has been shown to provide a polypeptide conjugate that binds α-casein, a multiply phosphorylated protein, with a dissociation constant KD of 17 nM. The measured affinity is more than three orders of magnitude higher than that of the small molecule ligand for phosphate and the binding of 500 nM of α-casein was not inhibited by 10 mM phosphate buffer, providing a 2000-fold excess of phosphate ion over protein. The selectivity for phosphoproteins was demonstrated by extraction of α-casein from solutions of various complexity, including milk and human serum spiked with α-casein. In addition to α-casein, β-casein was also recognized but not ovoalbumin. Conjugation of a polypeptide to the zinc chelating ligand was therefore shown to give rise to dramatically increased affinity and also increased selectivity. A set of polypeptide conjugates is expected to be able to capture a large number of phosphorylated proteins, perhaps all, and in combination with electrophoresis or mass spectrometry become a powerful tool for the monitoring of phosphorylation levels. The presented binder can easily be attached to various types of surfaces; here demonstrated for the case of polystyrene particles. The example of phosphoproteins was selected since posttranslational phosphorylation is of fundamental importance in cell biology due to its role in signaling and therefore of great interest in drug development. The reported concept for binder development is, however, quite general and high-affinity binders can conveniently be developed for a variety of proteins including those with posttranslational modifications for which small molecule recognition elements are available.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 9, no 22, 7697-7704 p.
Molecular recognition, binders, peptide - small molecule conjugate, conjugates
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Bioorganic Chemistry; Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161010DOI: 10.1039/c1ob06154bISI: 000296203700017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161010DiVA: diva2:454051