Digital pulse-shape discrimination of fast neutrons and gamma rays
2008 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, Vol. 594, no 1, 79-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Discrimination of the detection of fast neutrons and γ rays in a liquid scintillator detector has been investigated using digital pulse-processing techniques. An experimental setup with a 252Cf source, a BC-501 liquid scintillator detector, and a BaF2 detector was used to collect waveforms with a 100 Ms/s, 14 bit sampling ADC. Three identical ADCs were combined to increase the sampling frequency to 300 Ms/s. Four different digital pulse-shape analysis algorithms were developed and compared to each other and to data obtained with an analogue neutron–γ discrimination unit. Two of the digital algorithms were based on the charge comparison method, while the analogue unit and the other two digital algorithms were based on the zero-crossover method. Two different figure-of-merit parameters, which quantify the neutron–γ discrimination properties, were evaluated for all four digital algorithms and for the analogue data set. All of the digital algorithms gave similar or better figure-of-merit values than what was obtained with the analogue setup. A detailed study of the discrimination properties as a function of sampling frequency and bit resolution of the ADC was performed. It was shown that a sampling ADC with a bit resolution of 12 bits and a sampling frequency of 100 Ms/s is adequate for achieving an optimal neutron–γ discrimination for pulses having a dynamic range for deposited neutron energies of 0.3–12 MeV. An investigation of the influence of the sampling frequency on the time resolution was made. A FWHM of 1.7 ns was obtained at 100 Ms/s.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 594, no 1, 79-89 p.
digital pulse-shape discrimination, fast-neutron detection, liquid scintillator, BC-501, sampling ADC
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17672DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.06.004ISI: 000259021800014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17672DiVA: diva2:45443