The sequential activation and repression of the human PDGF-B gene during chronic hypoxia reveals antagonistic roles for the depletion of oxygen and glucose
2001 (English)In: Growth Factors, ISSN 0897-7194, Vol. 19, no 4, 233-245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hypoxia and glucose deprivation, are important during many physiological and pathological processes. Cells respond to these stimuli by activating genes involved in the regulation of metabolism and angiogenesis. Platelet derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) is involved in the regulation of angiogenesis and tumour progression and is induced by hypoxia. Most known hypoxia-induced genes are activated by the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1), via its binding to specific response elements. The mechanism of hypoxic induction and the effect of low glucose on PDGF-B expression have not been characterised. We show that PDGF-B exhibits a novel, biphasic regulation (induction, followed by repression below basal levels) in bladder carcinoma cells cultured under chronic hypoxia. We show that the repression observed after long-term hypoxia is due to glucose-depletion and that this can also abrogate short-term hypoxic induction. This is in contrast to the previous results showing that hypoxia/hypoglycaemia elicit the same response. We also show that a putative hypoxia response element in the PDGF-B promoter is not sufficient for hypoxic induction, although it does function as a hypoxia independent enhancer element in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 19, no 4, 233-245 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161187DOI: 10.3109/08977190109001089PubMedID: 11811779OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161187DiVA: diva2:455147