Successful But Different:: Deliberate Identity and the Consenus-Driven Transition to Capitalism in Estonia and Slovenia
2012 (English)In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 43, no 1, 47-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Praised by international organizations, Estonia and Slovenia have long been considered among the most successful post-communist states. Estonia quickly transformed itself into one of the most liberal economies in the world, whereas Slovenia opted for a social justice-oriented market economy. Still, the roots of their success coincide in that consensus played a crucial role. We argue that the public sphere was never as repressed in Estonia and Slovenia during the communist period as it was elsewhere. Distinct national identities continued to be formed and re-formed by intellectuals during the decades of communist rule, who assumed roles as political leaders when the transition started. Consensus based on these national identities legitimized reform policies for the entire decade of the 1990s.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2012. Vol. 43, no 1, 47-73 p.
Estonia, Slovenia, post-communism, economic models, national identity, communist regimes, political consensus
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161247DOI: 10.1080/01629778.2011.639148ISI: 000302082900003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161247DiVA: diva2:455506