Phenotypic characterization of KU812, a cell line identified as an immature human basophilic leukocyte
1992 (English)In: European Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0014-2980, E-ISSN 1521-4141, Vol. 22, no 8, 2025-2032 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The knowledge about the differentiation of basophilic leukocytes is fragmentary. This report discusses a detailed phenotypic characterization of molecular markers for hematopoietic differentiation in a basophilic leukemia cell line, KU812. The expression of markers for lymphoid, erythroid, neutrophil, eosinophil, monocytic, megakaryocytic, mast cell and basophil differentiation was analyzed at the mRNA level by Northern blots in the KU812 cells, and for reference, in a panel of human cell lines representative of the different hematopoietic differentiation lineages. KU812 was found to express a number of mast cell and basophil-related proteins, i.e. mast cell tryptase, mast cell carboxypeptidase A, high-affinity immunoglobulin (IgE) receptor α and γ chains and the core protein for heparin and chondroitin sulphate synthesis. We found no expression of a number of monocyte/-macrophage or neutrophil leukocyte markers except for lysozyme. From earlier studies, it has been shown that lysozyme is not expressed in murine mucosal mast cell lines. This finding, together with the expression of the mast cell carboxypeptidase in KU812 might distinguish the phenotype of this cell line from that typical of mucosal mast cell lines in rodents. We found a low level of expression of the eosinophil and basophil marker, major basic protein, which might indicate a relationship between basophils and eosinophils. No expression is, however, detected with the eosinophil-specific markers, eosinophil cationic protein, eosinophil-derived neurotoxin or eosinophil peroxidase. We also report an extensive screening for inducers of basophilic differentiation of the KU812 cells. The most efficient protocol of induction included serum starvation which led to a dramatic increase in a number of markers specific for mast cells and basophils such as tryptase, carboxypeptidase A and the heparin core protein. Finally, diisopropylfluorophosphate analysis of total protein extracts from KU812 show four labeled protein bands with sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, indicating that this cell line expresses at least three previously undescribed serine proteases of which one or more could be a potential basophil-specific marker(s).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1992. Vol. 22, no 8, 2025-2032 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161290DOI: 10.1002/eji.1830220811OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161290DiVA: diva2:455652