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Protein A and protein G ELISA for the detection of IgG autoantibodies against tissue transglutaminase in childhood celiac disease
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Allmänpediatrisk forskning/Nordvall)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Allmänpediatrisk forskning/Nordvall)
2008 (English)In: Clinica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0009-8981, E-ISSN 1873-3492, Vol. 395, no 1-2, 72-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate if the detection of celiac disease (CD) in children was improved by using alternative conjugates for assessment of tissue transglutaminase (tTG) autoantibodies. Methods: Serum samples from 108 biopsy confirmed CD children and 42 control subjects were investigated for the presence of autoantibodies with tTG coated microplates using protein A (PA), protein G (PG), anti-IgG, or anti-IgA as conjugates. Results: Of the 108 CD children, 86 (80%) were IgG-tTG positive, 91 (84%) were positive with the PA-conjugate, 94 (87%) were positive with the PG-conjugate, and 103 (95%) were IgA-tTG positive. Among the 42 controls. 4 (10%) were IgG-tTG positive, 5 (12%) were positive with both the PA- and PG conjugates. whereas 3 (7%) were IgA-tTG positive. Compared with IgG-tTG the concordance was 93% for PA and 95% for PG, with a positive correlation between antibody levels (r=0.967 and r=0.975. p< ;0.0001). All but one CD child were found positive by combining IgG-tTG and IgA-tTG detection. Conclusions: The sensitivity of IgG-tTG detection with ELISA increased by protein A or protein G conjugates, whereas the specificity was reduced as compared with anti-IgG conjugate. The combined measurement of IgA-tTG and IgG-tTG still seems to be the optimal procedure when screening children for CD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 395, no 1-2, 72-6 p.
Keyword [en]
celiac disease, ELISA, protein A, protein G, tissue transglutaminase
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17807DOI: 10.1016/j.cca.2008.05.005ISI: 000258799300014PubMedID: 18514068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-17807DiVA: diva2:45578
Available from: 2008-09-01 Created: 2008-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Dahlbom, IngridHansson, Tony

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