Bishops and professionalization in Sweden, c. 1780-1880
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, Vol. 36, no 1, 23-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article investigates the concept of professionalization in terms of the bishops' role in the 19th-century Church of Sweden. Previous research has generally claimed that from the late 18th century until the mid-19th century, before the abolition of the Diet of Estates, the Swedish bishops amounted to secularized, conservative state officials who lacked the ability to effect religious reform. In this article, however, it will be argued that in the early 19th century, several decades earlier than previously assumed, the Swedish episcopate had begun to undergo a slow transformation that is best described as professionalization. It is posited that the bishops, inspired by Evangelical revival and Romanticism, became increasingly specialized in religion and theology in their education, thinking and practice. The episcopal profile also changed as the middle classes gained more influence from the early 19th century onwards, and this, in turn, prompted a higher standard of role performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 36, no 1, 23-43 p.
bishops, clergy, professionalization, Church of Sweden, Romanticism, religious revival, 19th century
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161418DOI: 10.1080/03468755.2011.535137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161418DiVA: diva2:456166