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A Volcanotectonic Survey of Ascraeus Mons, Mars
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Solid Earth Geology.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, E-ISSN 2156-2202, Vol. 117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ascraeus Mons is one of the largest volcanoes on Mars. It is replete with well-preserved features that can be used to understand its volcanotectonic evolution. Previous studies of this volcano focused on specific features, and were limited by the quality and coverage of contemporary data. Our objective is to review and enhance the existing developmental model for Ascraeus by considering all endogenic surface features on the volcano. We surveyed the volcano's caldera complex, flank terraces, pit structures, sinuous rilles, arcuate grabens, and small vents. We report the spatial and temporal distributions of these features, appraise their proposed formation mechanisms in light of our mapping results, and propose a detailed geological history for Ascraeus Mons. An initial shield-building phase was followed by the formation of a summit caldera complex and small parasitic cones, while compression due to flexure of the supporting basement led to extensive terracing of the shield flanks. An eruptive hiatus followed, ending with the construction of expansive rift aprons to the northeast and southwest. Against later, extensive flank resurfacing in the late Amazonian, continued flexure formed arcuate grabens concentric to the edifice. Localized eruption and surface flow of a fluid agent (lava and/or water) from within the volcano then produced a population of rilles on the lower flanks. Finally, in a change of flank tectonic regime from compression to extension, pit crater chains and troughs developed on the main shield and rift aprons, eventually coalescing to form large embayments at the northeast and southwest base of the volcano.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 117
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Earth Science with specialization in Mineral Chemistry, Petrology and Tectonics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161473DOI: 10.1029/2011JE003825OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161473DiVA: diva2:456203
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2012-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Troll, Valentin
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