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Psychiatric treatment in men with prostate cancer: Results from a Nation-wide, population-based cohort study from PCBaSe Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Urology.
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2011 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, E-ISSN 1879-0852, Vol. 47, no 14, 2195-2201 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To explore whether the self-reported psychological distress among men with prostate cancer was to the extent that it required psychiatric treatment. Methods: PCBaSe Sweden, a merged database based on the National Prostate Cancer Register including 97% of all prostate cancers registered as well as age-matched controls. We calculated relative risks and 95% confidence intervals to compare risks of psychiatric treatment due to depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder controlling for age and socio-economic factors. We used odds ratios to compare use or no use of antidepressants. Findings: In total 72,613 men with prostate cancer and 217,839 men without prostate cancer were included for analyses. Psychiatric hospitalisation due to depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder were significantly increased (RR 1.29, (95% CI 1.14-1.45), RR 1.42 (95% CI 1.12-1.80) and RR 1.61 (95% CI 1.16-2.24), respectively). However, hospitalisations due to anxiety were only increased in men with more advanced tumours RR 2.28 (95% CI 1.45-3.57). The use of antidepressants was increased for all men with prostate cancer RR 1.65 (95% CI 1.54-1.77) and treatment strategies RR 1.93 (95% CI 1.75-2.13). Interpretation: Men diagnosed with prostate cancer had increased risk of psychiatric treatment for depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and use of antidepressants regardless of risk group and treatment strategy compared to age-matched controls, whilst more advanced prostate cancer was associated with severe anxiety disorders. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 47, no 14, 2195-2201 p.
Keyword [en]
Prostate cancer, Depression, Anxiety post-traumatic stress disorder, Androgen deprivation therapy, Cohort study, Population-based
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161602DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2011.04.022ISI: 000295768400016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161602DiVA: diva2:457756
Available from: 2011-11-19 Created: 2011-11-15 Last updated: 2011-11-19Bibliographically approved

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