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Multisite regulation of insulin secretion by cAMP-increasing agonists: evidence that glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucagon act via distinct receptors.
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1997 (English)In: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0031-6768, E-ISSN 1432-2013, Vol. 434, no 5, 515-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The mechanisms by which glucagon-like peptide 1(7-36)amide (GLP-1[7-36]amide) potentiates insulin secretion were investigated by measurements of whole-cell K+ and Ca2+ currents, membrane potential, the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and exocytosis in mouse pancreatic B-cells. GLP-1(7-36)amide (10 nM) stimulated glucose-induced (10 mM) electrical activity in intact pancreatic islets. The effect was manifested as a 34% increase in the duration of the bursts of action potentials and a corresponding 28% shortening of the silent intervals. GLP-1(7-36)amide had no effect on the electrical activity at subthreshold glucose concentrations (< or = 6.5 mM). In cultured B-cells, GLP-1(7-36)amide produced a decrease of the whole-cell ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) conductance remaining at 5 mM glucose by approximately 30%. This effect was associated with membrane depolarization and the initiation of electrical activity. GLP-1(7-36)amide produced a protein-kinase-A-(PKA-) and glucose-dependent fourfold potentiation of Ca(2+)-induced exocytosis whilst only increasing the Ca2+ current marginally. The stimulatory action of GLP-1(7-36)amide on exocytosis was mimicked by the pancreatic hormone glucagon and exendin-4, a GLP-1 receptor agonist. Whereas the stimulatory action of GLP-1(7-36)amide could be antagonized by exendin-(9-39), this peptide did not interfere with the ability of glucagon to stimulate exocytosis. We suggest that GLP-1(7-36)amide and glucagon stimulate insulin secretion by binding to distinct receptors. The GLP-1(7-36)amide-induced stimulation of electrical activity and Ca2+ influx can account for (maximally) a doubling of insulin secretion. The remainder of its stimulatory action results from a cAMP/PKA-dependent potentiation of Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis exerted at a stage distal to the elevation of [Ca2+]i.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 434, no 5, 515-24 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161887PubMedID: 9242714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161887DiVA: diva2:457771
Available from: 2011-11-19 Created: 2011-11-19 Last updated: 2017-12-08

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