Differential activation by Ca2+, ATP and caffeine of cardiac and skeletal muscle ryanodine receptors after block by Mg2+.
2002 (English)In: Journal of Membrane Biology, ISSN 0022-2631, E-ISSN 1432-1424, Vol. 187, no 1, 51-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The block of rabbit skeletal ryanodine receptors (RyR1) and dog heart RyR2 by cytosolic [Mg2+], and its reversal by agonists Ca2+, ATP and caffeine was studied in planar bilayers. Mg2+ effects were tested at submaximal activating [Ca2+] (5 microM). Approximately one third of the RyR1s had low open probability ("LA channels") in the absence of Mg2+. All other RyR1s displayed higher activity ("HA channels"). Cytosolic Mg2+ (1 mM) blocked individual RyR1 channels to varying degrees (32 to 100%). LA channels had residual P(o) <0.005 in 1 mM Mg2+ and reactivated poorly with [Ca2+] (100 microM), caffeine (5 mM), or ATP (4 mM; all at constant 1 mM Mg2+). HA channels had variable activity in Mg2+ and variable degree of recovery from Mg2+ block with Ca2+, caffeine or ATP application. Nearly all cardiac RyR2s displayed high activity in 5 microM [Ca2+]. They also had variable sensitivity to Mg2+. However, the RyR2s consistently recovered from Mg2+ block with 100 microM [Ca2+] or caffeine application, but not when ATP was added. Thus, at physiological [Mg2+], RyR2s behaved as relatively homogeneous Ca2+/caffeine-gated HA channels. In contrast, RyR1s displayed functional heterogeneity that arises from differential modulatory actions of Ca2+ and ATP. These differences between RyR1 and RyR2 function may reflect their respective roles in muscle physiology and excitation-contraction coupling.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 187, no 1, 51-64 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161870DOI: 10.1007/s00232-001-0150-xPubMedID: 12029377OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161870DiVA: diva2:457785