Omega-3 polyunsaturated essential fatty acids are associated with depression in adolescents with eating disorders and weight loss
2011 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 100, no 12, 1610-1615 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: To study the relationship between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) status and depression in adolescents with eating disorders (ED) and weight loss.
Methods: Erythrocyte membranes from 217 adolescents (209 girls, eight boys) with ED were analysed for fatty acids (FA). ED and depression were diagnosed by clinical interviews and supported by self-report instruments.
Results: Adolescents with ED and depression did not differ from those with ED only in terms of age, BMI, weight loss and duration of disease. In their FA profile, depressed adolescents had lower proportions of eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA), the end products of the omega 3 PUFA series. The ratio of long-chain (>18 carbons) omega 6/omega 3 PUFA was therefore higher in depressed adolescents. Indices of desaturase activities did not differ between depressed and not depressed adolescents.
Conclusion: Low omega 3 status is related to depression in adolescents with ED. This cannot be explained by differences in weight (loss) and duration of disease, nor by differences in PUFA processing by desaturases. Data suggest a lower dietary intake of omega 3 PUFA in those with depression. Further investigations should determine whether omega 3 PUFA status improves by refeeding only or whether supplementation with PUFA is warranted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 100, no 12, 1610-1615 p.
Delta-5-desaturase, Delta-6-desaturase, Depression, Eating disorder, Essential fatty acids
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-162681DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02400.xISI: 000296899500026PubMedID: 21732977OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-162681DiVA: diva2:462551