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To plan or not to plan: Graviditetsplaneringens samband med kvinnans hälsa och planeringen av första tiden med barnet
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND:I Sverige föds drygt 100 000 barn varje år, men utöver de fyra procent som har tillkommit med hjälp av provrörsbefruktning saknas kunskap om hur många graviditeter som är planerade.


SYFTE:Syftet var att undersöka i vilken utsträckning gravida kvinnor planerat sina graviditeter, hur de resonerade avseende lämplig tidpunkt för graviditet samt vad planerings­grad hade för samband med kvinnans hälsa och planeringen av första tiden med barnet.


METOD:En enkät delades ut till kvinnor (n = 322) som besökte fyra mödravårdscentraler. Svarsfrekvensen var 84% (n = 285).


RESULTAT:Tre av fyra graviditeter var planerade.Det fanns ett negativt samband mellan graviditetens planeringsgrad och kvinnans abortövervägning, tidigare missfall och otillfredsställelse med livet i allmänhet och psykisk hälsa samt ett positivt samband med graviditetsupplevelse och planerad amning.En av tre kvinnor önskade ha fått barn vid en annan tidpunkt.Kvinnor med oplanerade graviditeter hade gjort fler aborter och innan graviditeten använt preventivmedel i mindre utsträckning.


SLUTSATS:Graviditetens planeringsgrad visar samband med såväl den gravida kvinnans hälsa som planeringen för första tiden med barnet.Det är därmed viktigt att arbeta förebyggande mot oplanerade graviditeter och initiera vård före graviditet inom hälso- och sjukvården.

Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:Every year 100 000 children are born in Sweden, but except from the four percent conceived with assisted reproductive technology there is a lack of knowledge about how many that are planned.The aim of this study was to investigate whether women plan their pregnancies, how they reason about timing for getting pregnant and how pregnancy planning is related to health outcomes for the woman and the planning of the first period with the baby.


METHODS:A questionnaire was distributed to women (n = 322) visiting four antenatal clinics. Participation rate was 84% (n = 285).


RESULTS:Three out of four pregnancies were planned and the degree of planning correlated negatively with the degree the woman considered abortion, earlier miscarriages and dissatisfaction with both the life in general and the mental health.The degree of planning correlated positively with how positive the pregnancy experience was and the plans for breastfeeding.One out of three wished to have had their first child at another age.Women with unplanned pregnancies used contraceptives to a lesser extent and had experience abortion to a higher degree than women with planned pregnancies.


CONCLUSION:The planning of a pregnancy is important for the woman’s health and the planning of the first period with the baby.It is therefore important to increase preventive actions towards unplanned pregnancies and initiate preconception care in the health care system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Pregnancy, Pregnancy Unplanned, Women’s Health, Parental Leave, Breastfeeding
Keyword [sv]
Graviditet, Graviditet oplanerad. Kvinnohälsa, Föräldraledighet, Amning
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-162913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-162913DiVA: diva2:462803
Subject / course
Public Health
Educational program
Master Programme in Public Health
Available from: 2011-12-08 Created: 2011-12-06 Last updated: 2011-12-08Bibliographically approved

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