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Attitudes toward patients with multidrug-resistant bacteria: scale development and psychometric evaluation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg.
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2011 (English)In: Journal of Infection Prevention, ISSN 1757-1782, Vol. 12, no 5, 196-203 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a need for validated assessment tools for measuring attitudes towards patients with multid-rug-resistant bacteria. Such an assessment tool was developed and psychometrically evaluated in the present study. A literature review and discussions with experts and key informants were used to develop the questionnaire. To ensure item adequacy and interpretability, face validity and pre-tests were performed. Item validity, content validity and internal consistency reliability were evaluated in a non-random sample of 329 hemodialysis nurses. The psychometric properties were satisfactory, indicating good item validity. The content validity revealed three appropriate factors with good internal consistency reliability. The haemodialysis nurses′ knowledge about multidrug-resistant bacteria was not sufficient, and their intentional behaviour was unsatisfactory with respect to infection control precautions. The multidrug-resistant bacteria Attitude Questionnaire would be a valuable tool, in nursing practice and nursing education, in promoting quality improvements in patient safety with regard to healthcare associated infections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 12, no 5, 196-203 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitudes of health personnel, hygiene, MRSA, nursing care, psychometrics
National Category
Infectious Medicine Nursing
Research subject
Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-163713DOI: 10.1177/1757177411411122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-163713DiVA: diva2:464684
Available from: 2011-12-13 Created: 2011-12-13 Last updated: 2012-03-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) an Unclear and Untoward Issue: Patient-Professional Interactions, Experiences, Attitudes and Responsibility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) an Unclear and Untoward Issue: Patient-Professional Interactions, Experiences, Attitudes and Responsibility
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the present thesis was to investigate experiences of living with multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB), using methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization as an illustration, and to develop and validate a tool to describe healthcare personnel’s attitudes towards patients with MDRB. A further objective was to study MRSA-colonized persons’ and healthcare personnel’s experiences of patient-professional interactions and responsibilities for infection prevention.

Four empirical studies were conducted. A total of 18 MRSA-colonized persons and 20 healthcare personnel were interviewed regarding their experiences, and a total of 726 RNs responded the MDRB Attitude Questionnaire.

The findings revealed the difficulties associated with living with MRSA colonization, which was described as something uncertain, and as an indefinable threat that has to be managed in both everyday life and in contacts with healthcare. Interactions with healthcare personnel were described as unprofessional owing to personnel’s inappropriate behaviour and insufficient information provision. According to the personnel, achieving adequate patient-professional interactions required having knowledge and experiences of MRSA. They also experienced difficulties in providing tailored information to patients. The MRSA-colonized persons described their unwanted responsibility to inform healthcare personnel about the colonization, but also felt responsible for limiting the spread of infection to others. Furthermore, responsibility for infection control was regarded as shared between healthcare personnel and patients. The personnel described such responsibility as a natural part of their daily work, although it was not always easy to adhere to hygiene precautions. The MRSA-colonized persons felt that healthcare personnel have insufficient knowledge of the bacteria and of hygiene precautions. The MDRB Attitude Questionnaire showed that registered nurses do have knowledge deficiencies. The MDRB Attitude Questionnaire has adequate psychometric properties.

In conclusion, MRSA colonization constitutes a psychological strain for carriers, and interactions with healthcare personnel resulted in feelings of stigmatization. The present thesis indicates that there is a need to improve healthcare personnel’s knowledge, behaviour and emotional response in relation to patients with MDRB, in order to ensure patient safety and address patients’ needs. The heads of department is responsible for such improvements, and the MDRB Attitude Questionnaire is useful in identifying areas in need for improvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 74 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 741
Keyword
Attitudes of health personnel, colonization, hygiene, infection control, mixed-methods approach, MRSA, nursing care, patient-professional interaction, quality of healthcare, responsibility, The MDRB Attitude Questionnaire
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168319 (URN)978-91-554-8273-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-03-27, Universitetshuset, sal IX, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-03-06 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2012-03-29Bibliographically approved

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