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Mild hypoglycaemic attacks induced by sulphonylureas related to CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2C8 polymorphisms in routine clinical setting
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
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2011 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, ISSN 0031-6970, E-ISSN 1432-1041, Vol. 67, no 12, 1223-1229 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To evaluate the impact of polymorphisms in the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9, 2C19 and 2C8 genes on the risk of mild hypoglycaemic attacks in patients treated with sulphonylureas. One hundred and eight type 2 diabetic patients (50 men, 58 women), treated with oral antidiabetics, including at least one from the sulphonylurea group (glimepiride n = 50, gliclazide n = 46, or glipizide n = 12) for 3 months or longer, were included in the study. Symptoms of hypoglycaemia (sweating, tremor, anxiety and palpitations) during a 3 month period were recorded and confirmed by home glucose measurements. Gender, age, body mass index, creatinine clearance, HbA1c, oral antidiabetic dose and concomitant medication were assessed together with functional CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2C8 polymorphisms, analysed by real-time PCR methods. Fifteen patients (eight men, seven women) reported hypoglycaemia symptoms which were validated by their home glucose measurements (< 70 mg/dl). Heterozygosity and homozygosity for CYP2C9 variant alleles (*2 or *3) tended to be more frequent among patients who reported hypoglycaemic attacks (60 and 7%) than those who did not (39 and 3%). Similarly, the CYP2C8*1/*3 genotype tended to be more frequent in patients with (47%) than without (27%) hypoglycaemia, while no such trend was observed for CYP2C19 variants. However, only in the gliclazide group a significant association between CYP2C9 genotype and hypoglycaemic attacks was observed (P = 0.035). None of the other covariates showed any significant association with the risk of hypoglycaemic attacks. CYP2C9 polymorphisms leading to decreased enzyme activity show a modest impact on the risk of mild hypoglycaemia attacks during oral antidiabetic treatment, with a significant association in patients treated with gliclazide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 67, no 12, 1223-1229 p.
Keyword [en]
Sulphonylurea, Hypoglycaemic attacks, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2C8, Polymorphism, Gliclazide, Glimepiride, Glipizide
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-163639DOI: 10.1007/s00228-011-1078-4ISI: 000297127000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-163639DiVA: diva2:466688
Available from: 2011-12-16 Created: 2011-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Gunes, ArzuScordo, Maria GabriellaDahl, Marja-Liisa

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