Kinetic Energy Storage and Magnetic Bearings, for vehicular applications
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
One of the main challenges in order to make electric cars competitive with gaspowered cars is in the improvement of the electric power system. Although many of the energy sources currently used in electric vehicles have sufficiently high specific energy, their applicability is limited due to low specific power. It would therefore be advantageous to create a driveline with the main energy storage separated from a smaller energy buffer, designed to have high power capabilities and to withstand frequent and deep discharge cycles. It has been found that rotating kinetic energy storage in flywheels is very well suited for this type of application. The work presented in this thesis and the included papers span a number of topcis Introductory overview - This section explains the concept of the modern flywheel, and investigates some of its properties. It illustrates the concepts with a number of examples, relevant for the usage of flywheels in vehicular applications. Experimental set-up - The construction of a complete electric driveline is ongoing within the division for Electricity at Uppsala University. An optimized electric machine has been constructed and connected with a programmable load, as well as with a DC power source through power electronics controlled by PWM. As a part of this system, an experimental set-up of an active magnetic bearing for two degrees-of-freedom has been constructed. The work with this device is described in detail and some preliminary results are presented. Self-bearing machine - The electric machine developed for the existing driveline is coreless, double wound and with a double rotor. In order to achieve magnetic bearing functionality in this device for all DOF, a novel Lorentz force self-bearing machine is suggested. The design is analyzed analytically and numerically.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Uppsala universitet , 2011. , 48 p.
UURIE / Uppsala University, Department of Engineering Sciences, ISSN 0349-8352 ; 327-11L
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-164347OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-164347DiVA: diva2:467642