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Distance scale zero points from galactic RR Lyrae star parallaxes
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2011 (English)In: Astronomical Journal, ISSN 0004-6256, E-ISSN 1538-3881, Vol. 142, no 6, 187- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present new absolute trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions for seven Population II variable stars-five RR Lyr variables: RZ Cep, XZ Cyg, SU Dra, RR Lyr, and UV Oct; and two type 2 Cepheids: VY Pyx and kappa Pav. We obtained these results with astrometric data from Fine Guidance Sensors, white-light interferometers on Hubble Space Telescope. We find absolute parallaxes in milliseconds of arc: RZ Cep, 2.12 +/- 0.16 mas; XZ Cyg, 1.67 +/- 0.17 mas; SU Dra, 1.42 +/- 0.16 mas; RR Lyr, 3.77 +/- 0.13 mas; UV Oct, 1.71 +/- 0.10 mas; VY Pyx, 6.44 +/- 0.23 mas; and. Pav, 5.57 +/- 0.28 mas; an average sigma(pi)/pi = 5.4%. With these parallaxes, we compute absolute magnitudes in V and K bandpasses corrected for interstellar extinction and Lutz-Kelker-Hanson bias. Using these RR Lyrae variable star absolute magnitudes, we then derive zero points for M(V)-[Fe/H] and M(K)-[Fe/H]-log P relations. The technique of reduced parallaxes corroborates these results. We employ our new results to determine distances and ages of several Galactic globular clusters and the distance of the Large Magellanic Cloud. The latter is close to that previously derived from Classical Cepheids uncorrected for any metallicity effect, indicating that any such effect is small. We also discuss the somewhat puzzling results obtained for our two type 2 Cepheids.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 142, no 6, 187- p.
Keyword [en]
astrometry, stars: distances, stars: variables: RR Lyrae
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-164552DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/142/6/187ISI: 000297254500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-164552DiVA: diva2:468652
Available from: 2011-12-21 Created: 2011-12-21 Last updated: 2012-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Kochukhov, Oleg
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