Accuracy of assessment of distress, anxiety, and depression by physicians and nurses in adolescents recently diagnosed with cancer
2006 (English)In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 46, no 7, 773-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background. As staff members prioritize medical resources forpatients, it is imperative to find out whether their assessments ofpatients’ health status agree with patients’ assessments. The degree towhich physicians and nurses can identify the distress, anxiety, anddepression experienced by adolescents recently diagnosed withcancer was examined here. Procedure. Adolescents undergoingchemotherapy (13–19 years, n¼53), physicians (n¼48), and nurses(n¼53) completed a structured telephone interview, 4–8 weeksafter diagnosis or relapse, investigating disease and treatment-relateddistress, anxiety, and depression. Results. The accuracy of staffratings of physical distress could be considered acceptable.However, problems of a psychosocial nature, which were frequentlyoverestimated, were difficult for staff to identify. Staff underestimatedthe distress caused by mucositis and worry about missing schoolmore than they overestimated distress. These aspects were some ofthe most prevalent and overall worst according to the adolescents.Both physicians and nurses overestimated levels of anxiety anddepression. Nurses tended to show higher sensitivity than physiciansfor distress related to psychosocial aspects of distress, whilephysicians tended to show higher accuracy than nurses for physicaldistress. Conclusions. Staff was reasonably accurate at identifyingphysical distress in adolescents recently diagnosed with cancerwhereas psychosocial problems were generally poorly identified.Thus, the use of staff ratings as a ‘‘test’’ to guide specific supportseems problematic. Considering that the accuracy of staff ratingsoutside a research study is probably lower, identification of andaction taken on adolescent problems in relation to cancer diagnosisand treatment need to rely on direct communication.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 46, no 7, 773-9 p.
Adolescent, Adult, Anxiety/*diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology, Comparative Study, Depression/*diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology, Female, Health Status, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms/complications/*psychology, Nurses, Observer Variation, Physicians, Prevalence, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Self Assessment (Psychology), Sensitivity and Specificity, Stress; Psychological/*diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology, Sweden/epidemiology
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-19352DOI: 10.1002/pbc.20693PubMedID: 16333833OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-19352DiVA: diva2:47124