The skull of Hagiangella goujeti Janvier, 2005, a high-crested acanthothoracid (Vertebrata, Placodermi) from the Lower Devonian of northern Vietnam
2011 (English)In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, ISSN 0272-4634, Vol. 31, no 3, 531-538 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The acanthothoracid Hagiangella goujeti Janvier, 2005, has been described exclusively on the basis of isolatedthoracic plates from the Lochkovian (Lower Devonian) Khao Loc Formation of Tung Vai, Ha Giang Province, northernVietnam. It is characterized by a very high, triangular median crest on the median dorsal plate, and has been referred to theAcanthothoraci on the basis of the morphology of its fused anterolateral, spinal and anterior ventrolateral plates, and thecharacteristic stellate ornamentation of the group. Isolated plates of H. goujeti are relatively abundant at Tung Vai and noother placoderm taxon from this locality seems to share the same type of ornamentation. However, the skull of this speciesremained elusive. Here we report two well-preserved skull roofs from Tung Vai, which we refer to H. goujeti. They display thesame stellate ornamentation and small size as the previously described plates of the thoracic armor of this species. This newmaterial shows that the head of H. goujeti is surprisingly short (i.e., possibly lacking dermal rostral and pineal elements), incontrast to the elongate and narrow skull of all other acanthothoracids. The combination of unique characters (e.g., presenceof two pairs of posterior pit lines, two pairs of central and paranuchal plates, etc.) suggests a possible sister group relationshipto the placoderm assemblage Petalichthyida + Ptyctodontida + Arthrodira.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 31, no 3, 531-538 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-165704DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2011.558148OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-165704DiVA: diva2:474594