Acetylene-Expanded Dendralene Segments with Exotopic Phosphaalkene Units
2011 (English)In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 17, no 43, 12153-12162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bis-TMS protected C, C-diacetylenic phosphaalkene (A(2)PA) 1 (Mes*P=C(C CTMS)(2); Mes*=2,4,6-tBu(3)Ph) has been used as a building block for the construction of butadiyne-expanded dendralene fragments in which phosphaalkenes feature as exotopic double bonds. Treatment of 1 with CuCl gives rise to a Cu(I) acetylide that is selectively formed at the acetylene trans to the Mes* group. The cis-TMS-acetylene engages in similar chemistry, albeit at higher temperatures and longer reaction times. The differentiation between the two acetylene termini of 1 allows for the controlled synthesis of the title compounds by a variety of different Cu- and Pd-catalyzed oxidative acetylene homo- and heterocoupling protocols. Crystallographic characterization of A(2)PA 1 and dimeric Mes*P=C(C CR(1))C(4)(R(2)C C)C=PMes* (3b, R(1)=R(2)=Ph; 6, R(1)=R(2)=TMS), and 10 (R(1)=R(2)=C CPh) verifies that the stereochemistry across the P=C bond is conserved during the coupling reactions, whereas spectroscopic evidence reveals cis/trans isomerization in an iodo-substituted A(2)PA intermediate 4 (Mes*P=C(C CTMS)(C CI). UV/Vis spectroscopic and electrochemical studies reveal that efficient pi conjugation operates through the entire acetylenic phosphaalkene framework, even in the cross-conjugated dimeric structures. The P centers contribute considerably to the frontier molecular orbitals of the compounds, thereby leading to smaller HOMO-LUMO gaps than in all-carbon-based congeners. Phenyl- and/or ethynylphenyl substituents at the A(2)PA framework influence the HOMO and LUMO to a varying degree depending on their relationship to the Mes* group, thus enabling a fine-tuning of the frontier molecular orbitals of the compounds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 17, no 43, 12153-12162 p.
carbon-rich compounds, conjugation, dendralenes, oxidative acetylene coupling, phosphaalkenes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166122DOI: 10.1002/chem.201101358ISI: 000297316100031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-166122DiVA: diva2:476200