Dye-sensitized solar cells employing a SnO2-TiO2 core-shell structure made by atomic layer deposition
(English)In: Advanced Energy MaterialsArticle in journal (Refereed) Submitted
This paper describes the synthesis and characterization of core-shell structures, based on a SnO2 and TiO2 for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC). Atomic layer deposition is employed to control and vary the thickness of the TiO2 shell. Increasing the TiO2 shell thickness to 2 nm improves the device performance of liquid electrolyte DSC from 0.7 % to 3.5 %. The increase in efficiency originates from a higher open-circuit potential and a higher short-circuit current as well as an improvement in the electron lifetime. SnO2-TiO2 core-shell DSC devices retain their photo-voltage in darkness for longer than 500 seconds showing that electrons are contained in the core material. Finally core-shell structures were used for solid-state DSC applications using the hole transporting material 2,2’,7,7’,-tetrakis(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenyl-amine)-9,9’,-spirofluorene. Similar increases in devices performance are seen for these solid-state DSC devices.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166509OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-166509DiVA: diva2:476688