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Gängse tolkning av Fil 3:2 - ett exempel på antijudisk exeges?
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology. Nya testamentets exegetik.
2004 (Swedish)In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 69, 137-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current interpretation of Phil 3:2 implies that in this verse Paul speaks scornfully not only of some people who advocate circumcision but also of the practice of circumcision itself. Since circumcision was considered a sign of the covenant between God and the Jewish people and thus was essential to Jewish belief, the supposed attitude of Paul could rightly be called anti-Jewish. But did Paul really have such an anti-Jewish attitude? There is reason to be doubtful about that. In addition this interpretation is loaded with other problems too.

In this essay the current interpretation of Phil 3:2 is reconsidered, and new alternative interpretations are looked for. The analysis results in a proposal for interpretation, which implies that the purpose of Paul in this passage is not at all to deprecate circumcision but basically to comfort and encourage the addressees in the face of persecution. He tries to do that by inviting them to look at the persecutors in the light of traditional models of persecution derived from the Book of psalms and the Jesus tradition. To be sure, the persecutors appear to be Jews, but the proposed identifications are not aiming at their Jewishness but their conduct as persecutors. By this conduct they appear like a pack of threatening dogs (hoi kynes), like evil doers (hoi kakoi ergatai) and like “cutting-into-pieces” or “cutting-down” (he katatome).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 69, 137-153 p.
Keyword [en]
National Category
Religious Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-19925OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-19925DiVA: diva2:47697
Available from: 2006-12-04 Created: 2006-12-04 Last updated: 2011-01-12

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