Lower palaeozoic stratigraphy of Murchisonfjorden and Sparreneset, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard
2011 (English)In: Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, ISSN 0435-3676, E-ISSN 1468-0459, Vol. 93, no 4, 209-226 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Lower Palaeozoic stratigraphy of the Kap Sparre Formation of Kulling (Hecla Hoek Succession) from Murchisonfjorden and eastern Nordaustlandet of Svalbard is described based on new field observations in the region. The investigated sedimentary succession is referred to the Upper quartzite series and Upper dolomite series of the Kap Sparre Formation. The observed sequence resembles that of the Oslobreen Group from central and northeastern Ny Friesland and the formal and well-established and more detailed stratigraphical framework used in Ny Friesland may apply for the strata at Sparreneset and in Murchisonfjorden, western Nordaustlandet. The lower Palaeozoic succession overlies the uppermost Precambrian sediments (Dracoisen Formation = the lower part of Kap Sparre Formation sensu Kulling) of the Polarisbreen Group with a cryptic unconformity, and a regional stratigraphical gap spanning the late Ediacaran developed on the platform. Additions to the previous descriptions of some of the existing units are presented. The new lithostratigraphical unit: Black shale and limestone unit is proposed informally. It is a Lower(?) to Middle Cambrian black shale with limestone nodules and lenses that is exposed on the northwest coast of Krossoya in Murchisonfjorden, Svalbard. In addition, a Dolostone-limestone unit, Middle(?) Cambrian to Lower Ordovician, composed of dolostone and dolomitized limestone and minor limestone, and a Limestone unit (Lower to Middle(?) Ordovician), which overlies the Upper dolomite series are added to the succession. The deposits as a whole show the development of an environmentally controlled carbonate platform that marked the transition from the inner to the outer shelf that evolved during the opening and spreading of the Iapetus Ocean.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 93, no 4, 209-226 p.
Research subject Earth Science with specialization in Historical Geology and Palaeontology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-165059DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0459.2011.00433.xISI: 000297733500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-165059DiVA: diva2:477291