Mechanisms of transfer of aluminium to PVD-coated forming tools
2012 (English)In: Tribology letters, ISSN 1023-8883, E-ISSN 1573-2711, Vol. 46, no 3, 299-312 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cold forging is a group of methods effectively used in a number of industrial applications to form aluminium. Tool life and complexity of the possible shapes are mainly restricted by galling; the uneven tool surfaces caused by lumps of transferred material lead to surface damage on successive parts formed and/or problems in successive forming operations, and high stresses occurring when forming complex shapes. Earlier investigations have shown that improved surface roughness of an uncoated steel tool decreases the amount of adhered aluminium on the tool, but does not decrease the friction in the long run. Testing has also shown that when using conventional forming tools it is very important to have sufficient lubrication to avoid galling. Addition of an optimized low-friction PVD-coating decreases the galling tendency and increases the tolerance to insufficient lubrication and lubricant film breakthrough, as long as the coating surface is smooth, whilst other similar coatings have little or no effect. The present article further investigates the mechanism behind the transfer of aluminium to the coatings. All coatings were found to be intact after testing, and so the differences were concluded to lie in the chemical properties of the coating and, if these are favourable, then in surface roughness on the micro scale.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 46, no 3, 299-312 p.
Galling, Friction mechanisms, Friction-reducing coatings, Aluminium
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-167057DOI: 10.1007/s11249-012-9952-5ISI: 000303876300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-167057DiVA: diva2:480630