Effects of Zr doping on stoichiometric and reduced ceria: A first-principles study
2006 (English)In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 124, 224704- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Zr doping in CeO2 may change the reduction properties and therefore the redox properties of CeO2. Using first-principles density functional theory with the inclusion of on-site Coulomb interaction for a 96-atom supercell, these effects are studied by comparing the differences in atomic structures, electronic structures, and reduction energies of the doped CeO2 and those of the nondoped CeO2. It is found that (1) Zr doping of the ceria structure results in important modifications involving nonequivalent O atoms; (2) the oxygen anions (still four-coordinated) next to the doping center show considerably lower reduction energies (by 0.6 eV) and larger displacements ("higher mobilities"); (3) an O vacancy is most easily created close to the Zr centers, therefore the Zr-doping centers might serve as nucleation centers for vacancy clustering; and (4) the electrons left by the released oxygen localize on two Ce cations neighboring the vacancy, which results in the reduction of two Ce4+ ions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 124, 224704- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-20356DOI: doi:10.1063/1.2200354OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-20356DiVA: diva2:48129