San Giovenale IV.1. Area F East. Huts and Houses on the Acropolis
2006 (English)Book (Refereed)
The excavations in Area F east were conducted 1960-1965. A trial trench, excavated by Bengt Malcus cut a part of House I in 1960. In 1961 Torgun Wieselgren extended the excavation to include all of House I with Court A. In 1962 Arne Furumurk excavated House II, a porticoed building with three rooms north of Court A. In 1963 Furumark and Stig Forsberg excavated House III with its western courtyard, Court D. In 1964 a metal roof was erected over the excavations. The work was finished in 1965 under the leadership of Furumark and Forsberg. The excavations uncovered three houses: House I, measuring c. 11.3 x 5.8 m and containing two rooms, A and B. House II measures 12.3 x 5.1 m. and contains three rooms, A, B and C. House III measures 15 x c. 6.35 m and contains two rooms, A and B. The building history can be divided into 4 periods: Period 1 (1400- 675 B.C.) shows the remains of 4 huts. A vary large amount of early impasto pottery was discovered. Period 2 (675-625 B.C.) is characterized by a very important and early rectangular hut with wattle-and-daub walls and a reed (canne) roof, very similar to the Tomba della Capanna in Cerveteri. Many formal drinking cups and jugs in a typical “Faliscanizing” type were discovered on the river-stone beds in Room B, a formal dining room. The building is one of the earliest in its kind known in Italy and remarkable because of its preserved rivers-stone beds and well-dated fine pottery. Period 3 (c. 625-550) is the early Archaic phase with the three large Etruscan Houses, House I-III mentioned above, built with ashlar blocks and burnt roof tiles. The houses were probably destroyed in an earthquake around 550/530 B.C. Period 4 (550/530- c. 275 B.C) is the last period of this area. The houses were rebuilt on the old plan, several wells were back-filled. The majority of the finds date before the middle of the 4th century making it possible that the area was destroyed by the Romans in the campaigns of 388 B.C. The discovery of medieval pottery in the upper levels at the site is described in Appendix 4. Appendix 3, by G.Colonna, is dedicated to an Etruscan inscription on a bucchero sherd with the name of Venelus Vefunas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Institutet i Rom, Stockholm , 2006. , 196 p.
, Skrifter utgivna av Svenska Institutet i Rom, ISSN 0081-993X ; 26.4.1
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-20502ISBN: 91-7042-172-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-20502DiVA: diva2:48275