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Are glueballs knotted closed strings?
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Physics, Department of Theoretical Physics.
2003 (English)In: Wako 2003, Color confinement and hadrons in quantum chromodynamics, 2003Conference paper (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Glueballs have a natural interpretation as closed strings in Yang-Mills theory. Their stability requires that the string carries a nontrivial twist, or then it is knotted. Since a twist can be either left-handed or right-handed, this implies that the glueball spectrum must be degenerate. This degeneracy becomes consistent with experimental observations, when we identify the $\eta_L(1410)$ component of the $\eta(1440)$ pseudoscalar as a $0^{-+}$ glueball, degenerate in mass with the widely accepted $0^{++}$ glueball $f_0(1500)$. In addition of qualitative similarities, we find that these two states also share quantitative similarity in terms of equal production ratios, which we view as further evidence that their structures must be very similar. We explain how our string picture of glueballs can be obtained from Yang-Mills theory, by employing a decomposed gauge field. We also consider various experimental consequences of our proposal, including the interactions between glueballs and quarks and the possibility to employ glueballs as probes for extra dimensions: The coupling of strong interactions to higher dimensions seems to imply that absolute color confinement becomes lost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-20900OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-20900DiVA: diva2:48673
Available from: 2006-12-18 Created: 2006-12-18

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Niemi, Antti
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